Skip to content Skip to footer


Εικόνα φυσιολογικού ρινοφάρυγγα στον ενήλικα (ενδοσκοπική εικόνα μέσα από τη μύτη): Φαίνονται τα στόμια της ευσταχιανής σάλπιγγας, που αερίζει το αυτί (ΕΤ). Τα κρεατάκια αναπτύσσονται στην περιοχή του οπισθίου τοιχώματος (PW), και μπορεί να επηρεάσουν και τη ρινική αναπνοή, αλλά και τις ευσταχιανές σάλπιγγες.
Endoscopic trans-nasal image of a normal nasopharynx (post-nasal space) in an adult: The openings of the Eustachian tubes, which ventilate the ears (ΕΤ), are clearly shown. Adenoids are found on the posterior wall (PW), and can affect both the airflow through the nose and the ventilation of the ears.
Adenoids are a part of the immune system, like the tonsils, and are found at the upper part of the throat, right behind the nose, in the post-nasal space. They are in close relationship with the Eustachian tubes, which ventilate the ears (image). Their contribution to the immune defense is significant during the first few years of life. After the age of 12 they shrink or disappear. Chronic inflammation of the adenoids is a common problem of childhood. It causes nasal obstruction, snoring and frequent ear infections. Often it leads to accumulation of fluid behind the ear drum, a condition known as Glue Ear. Sometimes this can be more significant than the typical otitis, because it affects the hearing without troublesome symptoms. So it can go undetected for long, exposing the child to the effects of hearing loss, which include impact on the development of speech or even psychological defects. If the adenoids are enlarged, with or without ear problems, surgical removal may be indicated (adenoidectomy). Adenoid enlargement in adults is approached with suspicion, as it can incorporate malignant disease. This is why all adult patients with swelling in the postnasal space undergo  imaging studies with MRI or CT. In selected cases, biopsy under local or general anaesthesia may be indicated.


Removal of Adenoids is performed through the mouth, under general anaesthesia. The child is discharged home a few hours later, and there is typically no significant pain or other symptom. If there is also glue ear, adenoidectomy is combined with placement of ventilation tubes  in the affected ears. (see myringotomy)
Our site uses cookies. Learn more about our use of cookies: cookie policy